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Adjutant vs. Executive Officer

Discussion in 'Military Training, Doctrine, and Planning' started by superbee, Feb 19, 2019.

  1. superbee

    superbee Member

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    What was the difference between these 2 position within a battalion or regiment of the German (or American) army? What were the typical wartime duties of each? Officers filling these positions usually held what rank?

    Thank you in advance for your consideration and for your replies.
     
  2. OpanaPointer

    OpanaPointer I Point at Opana Staff Member Patron   WW2|ORG Editor

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    Executive officer - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_officer

    An executive officer (CCE) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization. In many militaries, an executive officer, or "XO," is the second-in-command, reporting to the commanding officer.

    ad·ju·tant
    Dictionary result for adjutant
    /ˈajəd(ə)nt/
    noun
    1. 1.
      a military officer who acts as an administrative assistant to a senior officer.
      "he eventually became adjutant to the commander of the tactical air force"

    The adjutant may not be in the direct chain of command?
     
  3. CAC

    CAC Ace of Spades

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    So whats the difference between Adjutant and an Aid or batman?
     
  4. GaryJKennedy

    GaryJKennedy New Member

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    An Adjutant was normally an assistant to a Commanding officer. An Executive Officer in the US model was normally the second-in-command. The Adjutant was generally there to assist the Co or XO/2inC as required. Aides I think you would only find with General officers in both the German and US structures.

    Batman was the Other Ranks chap to help the officer (sometimes referred to as the officer's servant) and technically every British commissioned officer was entitled to such. While the term doesn't exist in US and German formats for those higher up the food chain there was someone who undertook similar duties. British and Commonwealth batman duties also included being runners or working the No.38 set in Rifle Platoons, and latterly many multi-tasked as drivers.

    Gary
     
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  5. PzJgr

    PzJgr Drill Instructor

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    Executive officer pretty much as explained above. The Adjutant was more like a personal assistant or personal manager. Kept the senior officer on task and on schedule plus handled any transportation or event details. The higher up the senior officer is in rank, the more staff the adjutant had. A batman was more like a valet. Responsible for the officer's personal effects and lodgings.
     
  6. Sheldrake

    Sheldrake Member

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    A British battalion or regimental commander could call on the second in command, adjutant, quartermaster and Intelligence officers as battalion staff There might be other officers at battalion HQ to help keep watch.

    In the field the Adjutant issued the orders. That is the same was with the German Army

    The battalion staff mirrored the staff functions in higher formations.

    Besides being the space CO, the 2IC also functioned as an operations staff officer (G3), but in battle his job was to be nowhere close to the CO.

    The Adjutant was head of administration (G1), but in battle would be the G3 Ops - control station on the battalion command net The Intelligence officer - int and security (G2) and the Quartermaster Logistics (G4)
     
  7. USAAFson

    USAAFson Member

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    At the battalion and regiment level the executive officer supervises the staff and the headquarters, but in practice can have wider responsibilities such as taking command of a portion of the battalion or regiment for operations. On a ship the XO will have more operational involvement throughout the ship.
     

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