Charles Darwin National Park | What to do in Darwin AUSTRALIA? Looking for something to do in Darwin? Look no further then the Charles Darwin National Park has national significance. Not only for its ecological diversity but its amazing Aboriginal and World War Two history, and its only 4km from the centre of Darwin. On 19 February, 1942 Darwin was bombed in the largest single attack ever mounted by a foreign power on Australia. The Bombing of Darwin, also known as the Battle of Darwin, 242 Japanese aircraft, in two separate raids, attacked the town, ships in Darwin's harbour and the town's two airfields in an attempt to prevent the Allies from using them as bases to contest the invasion of Timor and Java during World War II. The area, developed as an Explosive Ordnance Storage Area during World War II, was known as the Frances Bay RAAF Explosives Complex for many years. The construction of the complex just prior to and during the war years, was part of an initiative to establish Darwin as a major allied defensive and counter offensive base in the war against Japan. Eleven of the bunkers that housed the explosives during the war are still standing. Nine of these are set into the contours of the hills, the other two are free standing, all are covered with vegetated earth. They are all ‘Armco’ barrel vault constructions internally strengthened with tramway rails, possibly from tracks used at mines throughout the Territory at the turn of the century. One of the bunkers carries 12.7 mm diameter projectile entry and exit points which have been attributed to Japanese strafing in air attacks on Darwin. Charles Darwin National Park also protects part of the Port Darwin wetland, one of Australia's most important wetlands. In the park are 36 of the Territory's 51 mangrove species. Mountain bike riders can enjoy Darwin's best network of tracks and access the many fire break paths through the bushland. The lookout platform has sweeping views of Darwin's ever developing skyline. Historic sites are scattered through the park and there's a World War Two display where you can learn about Darwin's role in the Pacific War. Shell middens in the park suggest the Larrakia people have used this land for many thousands of years.