The Cold War was an ideological battle between two opposing economic forces. Its sometimes labeled wrongly though when they say Democracy vs. Communism. The correct comparison is Capitalism vs. Communism. The Western powers disliked and distrusted the Soviets and Communism just as much as Hitler and the Nazis did, and following the war against Hitler, Nazism, and Fascism, do you think the Cold war was more of a fear of Communism, Totalitarianism, or both? Soviet Russia was both Communist and an oppressive Authoritarian State. Was that more of the ideological fear, Democracy vs. Totalitarianism, seeing as we recently defeated Hitler's Regime, only to have a larger, oppressive totalitarian regime to deal with post war. Was that more of the fear than Communism, or both?