First conceived in 1937, the Hawker Typhoon was dreamt up by Sidney Camm as the successor to the Hurricane and the Spitfire. The idea was for a larger and more powerful single-seater fighter which could carry a heavier armament for the destruction of bombers. Unfortunately, the Typhoon project was plagued by engine and structural problems from the start, and many pilots lost their lives as a result. The peculiar aerodynamics of the aircraft meant that its awesome speed and armament could only be effective at a lower altitude than the air war was being fought at in the early stages of The War. The eventual outcome, however, was an awesome strike aircraft that would change common conceptions of land warfare. The aircraft eventually evolved into the Hawker Tempest, and, later the Sea Fury. This latter was the fastest single-seater piston-engined fighter ever produced. Sea Fury Note the black and whiite bars on the wings of the Sea Fury, they can also be seen in the Typhoon photo. The Typhoon was actually the very first aircraft to have these markings. They were applied after several friendly fire incidents where the Typhoon was mistaken for a particular German fighter, the Focke-Wulf Fw190. Later, these markings were applied to all Allied aircraft which would take part in operation Overlord, which began on D-Day.