I was going to call this thread Churchill turning his back on Palestine. But then I thought 'It's probably not worth it.' ... Colonial Britain offered the Jews large territories in Africa but a Zionist movement wanted the Jews in their ancestral homeland. Mostly Arabic; Palestine had a concentrated Jewish population, but because of WWI and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Palestine was under British control.The Balfour Agreement, signed in 1917 by Great Britain was a huge boost for the Zionist cause because it pledged Great Britain would do everything it could to establish a Jewish state in the region. This lead in part to even more migration back to 'The Holy Land' which already had settlements of persecuted Jews from Russia bank rolled by Americans and Europeans. Created out of Palestine in 1948 by the British and recognised by the United States of America as a result of centuries of persecution I should imagine. The mother of all post war settlements from WWII some could argue.