Hello everyone, I have a couple of questions about the French Battleship Jean Bart and other French Battleships during WWII. 1. Was the two quadruple turrets a successful design? In Grand Admiral Raeder’s Memoirs he writes that “French ships, with their eight 33-cm guns mounted forward in two quadruple turrets would presumably outclass the nine 28-cm guns mounted in three triple turrets in our ships. After careful target tests we believed that our guns, with specially designed high-explosive, armor piecing shells, would be fully effective against the armor of the French ships. In addition our triple turret guns could be fired more rapidly than the French quadruple turrets, lastly our ordnance specialists doubted that the French could fire full salvos from their quadruple turrets without suffering serious structural damage.” In the book “The Iowa Class Battleships” by Malcolm Muir it says that “French designers adopted the radical solution of placing big guns in two quadruple turrets to concentrate both offensive and defensive weights.” 2. Does anyone know any instances in which the quadruple turret was used in combat? Alsoin the book “The Iowa Class Battleships” by Malcolm Muir it says that in 1942 during Operation Torch the French Battleship Jean Bart in Vichy service “stood up fairly well to the 16” gunfire from USS Massachusetts”, until its turrets where knock out. 3. How would a French Battleship like the Jean Bart have done in combat against, say the Bismarck or Tirpitz?