Disorientation after long hours in fog??? You really don't have a clue about what you are talking about do you? Also, the P-38s will be tied to their charges, giving the Japanese the advantage. There were no Ki-43s at Midway. Further, you are missing one very important word in you notation about the Ki-43..."Claimed". Quite odd that the various reports from the USSBS(United States Strategic Bombing Survey), which combed through Japanese records after the war, has the Japanese producing 126 B5N Kates and 222 D3A Vals. How do you explain the vast gulf between you idea of "no production of Vals and Kates" and the Japanese figure of 126 Kates & 222 Vals? What about this surprises you? The IJNAF was increasing by several orders of magnitude and production of the A6M could not keep pace. Not only was the A6M the staple fighter of the carrier forces, but it was the staple fighter of the IJNAF's land-based units as well. Thus, the smaller carriers and less important land units had to carry on with the A5M, while the larger carriers and more important land-based air units were upgraded to the A6M. IIRC, only the Japanese consider Yamamoto to be a brilliant Admiral. If two carriers of similar class was doctrine, the Japanese broke that on December 7th, with the paring of dissimilar Zuiho with Hosho, and would continue to break it throughout the early months of the war. For example, what other similar, or dissimilar, carrier was Ryujo partnered with during Operation C? What were the types and numbers of Allied aircraft that were based in and around Port Moresby during the Coral Sea action? Show incompetence please...Considering that Nimitz had ordered her hurried into action almost a month before Midway. If she is not sailing to fight at Midway, she is not sailing to ferry aircraft. Any aircraft going to Midway will be in tarps or boxed up aboard a merchie. Or else, they could be transported aboard the Long Island, but they could not be flown off from her. Yes, I know...And you never will. You don't understand because you don't want to understand. As that will destroy the fiction that you are better than all those historical figures that you "trash" in your " I am smarter than everyone else" What Ifs. "Fantasy Island", the island you are describing, was an old TV show...And was not "real." Midway, Ok, Eastern Island was hardly "excellent". The only incompetence is yours... The Japanese carriers were out of range of the fighters. It is rather hard or airplanes to fly when they have no fuel in their tanks. This should be a fairly simple concept to grasp. So, where is your disconnect? There was little coordination between the Midway based planes because the attack was hurriedly put together, as the Japanese planes were already on their way to Midway. Had those planes dallied and tried to coordinate amongst themselves or with the American carriers, all of your bombers would have been caught on the ground. Again, this is another fairly simple concept that you continually fail to grasp. I don't worry about the P-38s...There were none around for a few thousand miles. Why worry about planes that do not exist? OTOH, you are the one wringing his hands about the P-38s. Hmmm. Let's see...HINT...What doe the "S" in SBD and SB2U stand for?