France fell in 1940 after a series of attacks against its homeland by Nazi Germany. Lacking options, the French Government requested an armistice with Germany; Hitler accepted, but in a symbolic gesture, arranged for it to be signed at the same location where Germany had signed the armistice accepting both blame and defeat for the First World War. Though there was a show of keeping a portion of France free from occupation (a state known as Vichy France), in fact it was a puppet state controlled by Hitler. Though some assumed the fighting in France was over, given the loss, in fact it continued through the French Resistance. The Make Up The Resistance cast a wide net when attracting participants. They were not the whole of the population of France, only a small percentage, yet they encompassed many different groups and ideologies. Many were nationalists. Supporters of the strongly nationalist General De Gaulle both fought alongside the British army and formed covert networks within the puppet state. Communists, many pro-Soviet, were yet another faction, fighting because they feared the dominance of fascism. On the opposite end of the fence, some fascist groups who initially collaborated with the Vichy government changed sides and worked with the Resistance as well. Jews and women, who had seen their rights disintegrate under the new regime, were also determined participants. Sometimes, the members weren’t even French at all: some Cajun American soldiers were snuck into the country to help. The people came from all walks of life: rich, poor, middle class, they were united under the common enemy. Actions One action the French Resistance took was to establish a secret press. The output of this ranged from actual, regular papers to brief, single-page documents; and, though the central theme of the press was educating the French on how to defy the German occupiers, the content varied from outright plans on how to create an armed resistance against the Nazis and collaborators to simple stories about small acts of defiance. Certain daring participants of the movement committed acts of sabotage. They would bomb or otherwise incapacitate key infrastructure to prevent German progress. They would target railroads (to prevent the Nazis from receiving their supplies on the western front) and industrial buildings used to create to create weapons. Intelligence gathering was also one of the Resistance’s biggest roles in World War II. They provided the British with key information about the Nazi placement. Much of this information was sent via radio transmission, though those sending the transmission paid a heavy cost as most were located by the Germans and executed. The Resistance also engaged in flat out guerilla warfare, conducted particularly by the Communist branch of the group during Operation Barbarossa, as they sought to help the Soviets by forcing the deployment of more soldiers into France.