Of the many capital ships that served the navies of the nations that participated in the Second World War, an excess of thirty six (thirty seven if the USS Utah is included) super dreadnoughts and battlecruisers had served during or had been built during the course of the First World War. I have compiled a list of the battleships of this category that served during the war (of the major combatants; note that I might have missed several ships, but this is just a general list I compiled in a short amount of time): Japan (10) IJN Fuso IJN Yamashiro IJN Kongo IJN Haruna IJN Hiei IJN Kirishima IJN Nagato IJN Mutsu IJN Ise IJN Hyuga United Kingdom (13) HMS Queen Elizabeth HMS Warspite HMS Valiant HMS Mayala HMS Barham HMS Revenge HMS Royal Sovereign HMS Resolution HMS Ramillies HMS Royal Oak HMS Hood HMS Repulse HMS Renown Italy (4) RN Conte di Cavour RN Giulio Cesare RN Andrea Doria RN Caio Duilio United States (11/12) USS New York USS Texas USS Nevada USS Oklahoma USS Pennsylvania USS Arizona USS New Mexico USS Mississippi USS Idaho USS Arkansas USS Wyoming USS Utah* *Repurposed as a mobile target in 1931 All of these warships were ordered/laid down shortly before/during World War I as super-dreadnoughts/battlecruisers, and were finished either during the war or very shortly thereafter (I excluded the Tennessee and Colorado class battleships as they were commissioned at least 3 years after the war's end). My main question is this: other than forming as reserves (in the cases of several US battleships, and most of the Queen Elizabeth & Revenge classes) and being destroyed outright (many other US battleships at Pearl), what purpose did these ships serve other than paper strength? And this would be excluding the Battle of Surigao Strait, and bombardments at D-Day and some Pacific Islands. I am also curious as to how the four Italian dreadnoughts were handled throughout the war, as well as what they did (if they did anything at all, anyway).