I am currently slowly digesting the Brown book and it makes for an interesting read (there were in fact "dirty dozen" type Italian American units composed of toughs who just wanted to get back to the old country and carve up NAZIs-then there were surprisingly large numbers of Axis deserters fighting elbow to elbow with the Italian Partisans). The Italians made for some reluctant Axis allies, being dragged kicking and screaming into Hitler's mad war as they were by Mussolini's thugs. When the surrender of Italy happened there was a spontaneous uprising of independence minded Italianos and Italianas- and NAZI turned on it's former ally with a murderous fury previously reserved only for the "untermenschen of the East." The movement was supported by both SIS and OSS but was primarily the work of the latter, and the Italian Partisans emerged triumphant with the entire occupying force surrendering to the Partisans in 1945. The Anthony Cave Brown book of 1976; The Secret war report of the OSS - Google Books The Weckstein account; Amazon.com: 200,000 Heroes: Italian Partisans and the American OSS in WWII (9781555716981): Leon Weckstein: Books The Wilhelm book; http://www.amazon.com/The-Other-Italy-Italian-Resistance/dp/0393025683 The Lamb book; http://books.google.com/books?id=sLRhooSPGc0C&pg=PA207&lpg=PA207&dq=italian+partisans+tied+down&source=bl&ots=J8bYK7BGZw&sig=o7OmgdunJMZvHBBoqjO6wuWHP4w&hl=en#v=onepage&q=italian%20partisans%20tied%20down&f=false More links; Forgotten Battles: Italy's War of Liberation, 1943-1945 - Charles T. O'Reilly - Google Books Previously Classified OSS Records Behind The Lines: The OSS and the Italian Resistance in WWII http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=50748 And bitter controversy rages unto this day; http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=75&t=189813&start=15 To date the only film treatment of this amazing history has been Spike Lee's cartoonish "Miracle at Santa Ana"; and the subject fairly cries for an Ed Zwick to do the Italian Partisan Movement some serious historical justice. JeffinMNUSA PS. Oops! This post probably belongs in the Mediterranean section-but then again maybe not, as much of the combat occurred near the Alps in the far North of Belle Italia with some Partisan bases in Switzerland.