Apologies if this has been asked before, I put Franco into the search box and it didn`t come up as a thread ! Loathe as I am to praise a Facist, one has to agree that Franco was very wise not to come into the war on the side of the Axis. But the question is why didn`t he ? He undoubtedly had a debt to the Axis powers (particularly the Germans) after their help to him during the Spanish Civil war, which he may well have lost had he not had that assistance. In June 1940, with the fall of France, the Axis were well on top, let`s face it, they must have been for the Italians to come in on the German side ! Franco would have had much to gain from being on a winning German side, not least gaining sovereignty over Gibraltar. Had the latter occurred that may have meant a completely different scenario in Malta and then Nth Africa which may well have ended up with the Germans actually winning in that theatre I know the Spanish sent a Division to fight with the Germans on the Eastern front, how did that not cause them to come into conflict with Britain ? Did Stalin actually declare war on Spain, and if not why not ? What was Stalin`s view when Britain didn`t declare war on the Spanish for helping the Germans against them (Russia being a British ally against the Germans) ?