Coal shortage prompted Mr. Ernest Bevin, Minister of labour, to adopt a revolutionary method of recruiting mineworkers when he introduced his ballot scheme in Parliament on Dec. 2, 1943, by which many youths ready for call-up would be diverted to the mines. The first trainees were “drawn from the hat” on Dec. 14, and by Jan. 18, 1944, some were in training. (1) Youths line up for equipment at the Swinton, Manchester, training centre; others (3) descend the shaft at the Askern Colliery. Filled tubs (2) on their way to the surface in a mine whose workers believe in record output. A 14-year-old volunteer grins broadly (4), while a group of other lads (5) emerge from the pithead at Markham Main Colliery, near Doncaster.