This topic has arisen out of a comment I made on the subject of the use by America of the Nuclear Bomb\s to obtain Japan's unconditional surrender. Whether this action was a demonstration and warning to the Soviets or not (and I personally doubt if this was the case), it had two immediate effects the War with Japan was ended and considerable number of Allied lives were saved by ending so swiftly, America excluded all of its allies especially Britain, Australia and the Netherlands (and China) from any involvement in the prosecution of war criminals or administration of Japan. So unlike Germany, the rehabilitation of Japan was an exclusively American affair. Superficially, this re-rehabilitation was achieved quicker than in the case of Germany. However with one essential difference, Japan was never forced to face up to the fact that it had committed war crimes which equalled if not surpassed those committed by Germany. With few exceptions Japanese bureaucracy, structures, culture and personnel were untouched by American occupation. The result today could not be more different. Germany (especially young Germans) has fully accepted and atoned for its past. Japan has not It is busy re-writing history with itself as a liberator of Asian peoples, honouring it war criminals, painting itself the victim, denying massacre after massacre, denying experimenting on humans beings, claiming that comfort women were prostitutes and paying not a cent in compensation to its victims (and why should it - in Japanese eyes it has done no wrong, only lost a War to a superior power) . Sadly, this denial of responsibility is becoming more and more hardened as text-books are re-written, Japanese Prime Ministers now regularly pay abeyance the Shinto War Memorial and the current PM denies the Rape of Nan-king and claims that comfort women were simple prostitutes. In my view the reason why his has happened is that Hirohito did not stand trial as a War Criminal. Britain, Australia and the Netherlands wanted this (and the USSR but as they had no victims of Japanese atrocities they don't count in my book). It follows that if Hirohito was not prosecuted, he was not guilty. Since the Emperor is Japan, hence Japan is not guilty and the whole lot can conveniently be blamed on a few out of control Army officers. Hopefully this is enough to start up a decent discussion.