What happened in Setif, French Algeria when a post-VE-Day (so 8th May 1945) march by Algerians became a riot and there was a massacre of Europeans over five days, with one hundred dead? The French military and I suspect civilians killed six thousand Muslims over the next few weeks. This is all known and Wiki has a short account: Sétif and Guelma massacre - Wikipedia What is almost unknown is that American forces had a role too. Professor Andrew Hussey has written in his 2014 book 'The French Intifada: The Long War between France and Its Arabs' that: Hussey also has written that in an earlier incident in another city Philippeville, US troops had stopped French African troops firing on mass violence, in which thirty locals died. I use earlier as the date he uses is clearly wrong. I am curious if anyone has ever heard of this episode or discovered any information. Given what happened in the massacre the US forces having a part in evacuating European civilians I do not criticise. Whether it enables the French military 'free rein' is a moot point. By 1945 the French colony of Algeria (even a Department of France) had a Free French administration, so Allied forces were there as allies and the French had primacy in maintaining order. Looking around I am aware that contrary to my expectations American and British rear elements remained in Algeria up to VE-Day and beyond. Now a few years ago after reading Hussey's book - which I do recommend - I posted a RFI for help on another website, it had 31k views and alas no replies. Google alas so far has not helped.