The Nazi Junkers JU 88 and the British Bristol Beaufort machines here illustrated show the modern trend when building fast multi-purpose bomber-reconnaissance aircraft. The J U 88 (top) achieved an international record of 321 m.p.h. early in 1939. It carried a crew of 3 and a bomb load of 2,500 lb. The Junkers 211 inverted V-12 cylinder engine was installed in a streamlined nacelle (centre inset). It employed 12 pumps, injecting petrol directly into the cylinders instead of carburettors. The Bristol Beaufort probably the world's fastest bomber at that time also had a speed of well over 300 m.p.h, carried a crew of 4 and a heavy load of bombs or a torpedo. It had two 2-row 14-cylinder sleeve-valve Bristol "Taurus" engines (inset right). Key to Junker JU 88 A: Forward gun position. B: Pilot. C: Bomb aimer. D: Bomb aimer' window. E: Rear downward firing gun. F: Rear gunner. G: Bomb doors. H: Bomb stowage. J: Automatic variable pitch airscrew. K: Two 12-cylinder inverted V-engines of 975 h.p. each M: Auxiliary tail Plane fins.