November 4, in Russia, a new film about the WWII came to hire– «Brest Fortress». One of the main characters of this film is Major Gavrilov. This is a real character. I would like to tell about this amazing man and his feats in more detail. June 21, 1941 Major Gavrilov was the commander of 44 Regiment, 42 th Infantry Division. This regiment was placed inside the Brest fortress. As far as I know, the use of the fortress, as defensive structures, are not planned. Therefore, at the time of the invasion, June 22, the fort was no unified command. There were scattered military units from the company to a regiment. There were lived family of the officers and also - a military hospital. The troops inside the fort housed a very crowded (there were 7-8 thousand people). And all this were for a few hundred meters from the German troops. Therefore, when the 3.15 am, June 22, the shelling started, just killed many people and started panic and confusion. Among the few people who could organize a defense was the major Gavrilov. I must say that the defense was not centralized, and there were several individual pockets of resistance. One of them was a detachment of Major Gavrilov (about 400 people). Under the plan the German command, the fortress was to be occupied at 12.00 on June 22. In fact, organized defense of Red Army soldiers continued until June 30. And the longest-organized defense was by a group of major Gavrilov. This is not surprising. Major Gavrilov finishing the Military Academy and was an experienced officer. Amazing happened after that. After the massive bombing and attacks on June 30 from Detachment Gavrilova left about 20 people. All of them took refuge in underground cellars. And then, without food, water, any news about the Red Army, during the day this group was hiding on the territory of the Brest fortress, and at night attacked the Germans and continued to cause them loss. After the fight on July 12 they left 3 people, but after July 15 - Gavrilov was left alone. Gavrilov was captured on July 28, at 37-day defense of the fortress. As far as I understand, the Germans estimated strength of a Russian officer and placed him in a military hospital (Gavrilov was unconscious). Next quote memories doctor who was treating of major Gavrilov: «He was in full captain's uniform, but all his clothes turned into rags, her face was covered with soot and dust, powder and overgrown beard. He was wounded, was unconscious and looked exhausted to the extreme. It was truly a skeleton covered with skin. To what extent has reached exhaustion, can be judged from the fact that the prisoner could not even make a swallowing motion: it was not enough to force it, and doctors had to use an artificial diet to save his life. But the German soldiers who took him prisoner and brought to the camp, told doctors that the man, whose body has barely warmth of life, just an hour ago, when they caught him in one of the casemates of the fortress, let alone met with they fight, throwing grenades and firing his pistol and killed and wounded several Nazis» Yes, I certainly heard of the Japanese samurai, who was hiding on the Philippine island 29 years and continued to fight. It is worthy of respect. But it seems to me to make war on a 2-square miles of ruins of the fortress during 37 days, without food, water and any hope - is also a feat. In the film are his words, addressed to the remnants of his squad: I order you! As long as possible to stay alive! To destroy the enemy! Gavrilov survived in captivity. I have read his memoirs. One day after he was able to get up, he was taken out into the yard and put up against the wall. He thought that he was now shot. But the Germans began to photograph him. I think for them he was an unusual man. (I could not find these photos on the Internet. If someone came across - please post a link) He was released in 1945, restored to the rank and appointed Chief of the Japanese POW camp in the Far East (lucky that he was not shot or imprisoned in the GULAG - it was not unusual for those who have so long remained in German captivity) He did not think heroism about their actions in the castle. And it's not someone to write a petition for his award. None of his commanders did not remain alive. And only in 1956 after the Soviet historian Smirnov investigated and published data on the defense of the Brest Fortress, the Decree of 30 January 1957 he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Peter M. Gavrilov died in Krasnodar, January 26, 1979. According to his testament, he was buried in Brest.