Do you have anything to back up your opinion about Truman's thoughts. I have and it is exactly the opposite of your contentions. Truman fully expected Stalin to attack from 1946 until he left office. The JCS expected Stalin to attack during the same time period. What stopped them from preparing was the American people and the US congress. Politically they would not let the demobilization even slow down much less stop. They voted down any kind of funding that would would have put America on even a basic war footing. The US corporations had switched 90% of the war production to civilian products by May 1946. The production of atomic bombs was virtually stopped. We only had 9 at the end of 1946 and 13 at the end of 1947. The US public had had enough of rationing and death. They were through with war. The famine didn't really take effect until 1947 and then even then the average "middle class" Soviet did not starve. It was the peasants who starved and this was by design some say. Your average party member and any one above peasant status was not threatened with starvation. Whether by design or mismanagement it was the peasants from the more uncooperative regions of the USSR that starved to death. In fact the Soviets shipped grain to Poland during the famine to make a show of strength and too keep the Poles in line. . Pretend you are a ruthless dictator and you have a chance to fulfill your very public life's work. You have a chance of uniting all of Europe in a Communist Workers Paradise. It may cost you a few hundred thousand lives but that is peanuts compared to what you have already done. You have a very large and expensive army just sitting on your border with Germany. Sitting and eating and doing nothing. They are well armed and well trained and they could very well use those arms and training to get rid of you. So you see an opening that gives you your life long dream and puts that army to use. As an added bonus you get another 500 to 1000 miles of breathing space from you mortal enemy plus you have massive storage and military arms depots to loot as well as Southern France. Which has been virtually untouched by war for over 4 years. All of what is left in Western Europe can of course be shipped back to the motherland as war booty and could go a long way at appeasing your people. Now if you can only find a way to defend against the atomic bomb and the B29 strategic bomber you would be a fool not to take the chance. I have ideas on how he could do just such a thing. If you take the time to read up on the sentiment of the average US and British person of the time period 1946-48 you will have your eyes opened. They were sick of war and wanted no part in it anymore. Why do you think the British gave up so easily in India and the mid-east? They had no money and no heart left for any more serious fighting. They were played out. The American public wanted to get back to school on the GI bill. Marry their sweet hearts, buy a new car and live life large. The idea that the vets would jump at the chance to fight again is very naive and contrary to the vast majority of everything I've read on the time period in question. Now it is very possible that a sneak attack, by a ruthless enemy who committed atrocities and that caused high casualties etc., could cause the American people to once again come to the aid of the French and the low countries. I would submit that we would not do it all over again for Germany or the Scandinavian counties nor for Italy or Greece. So that leaves us once again bailing out France and Britain. Now there is no chance of the Soviets invading Britain so they are in no danger. That leaves the French, the low countries, Spain and Portugal. I'm just not sure after reading 2 years of the New York Times from the end of the war until 1947 that we would jump in immediately with both feet as has been suggested. I think it was 50 50 at best. A true toss up with many factors able to sway public opinion either way. What would happen if the casualties were light and Stalin offered to return all the US and British prisoners of war for instance? How about if the British make a separate peace in order to avoid the Battle of Britain II? France was already Socialist with 6 out of the 15 cabinet members outright communists. What if they just did a Vichy again? The same with Italy and Greece. Both had huge Communist parties. Not comical at all. In many ways Dec 7th was a racial charged situation. The response was fueled by racism. That never happened with the Germans. After all many of our citizens were of German decent. The Germans sunk unarmed American ships for years with not much reaction. The Soviets had for years been portrayed as our stalwart comrades in arms led by good old Joe our stanch ally. They look like us and acted like us. If they avoided the atrocities and keep the casualties to a minimum it could all boil down to a choice between economic systems with many Americans very sympathetic to socialist and communist ideas. If Stalin plays this right the American will to fight and die for France and Germany might not be all that strong. You know this how? What are your sources on the American publics sentiments during this time period? I believe there is room for discussion for all of the above reasons.