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PFC Jeston C. Whittington(ASN: 34596505), United States Army, 1st Cavalry Division, 82nd FAB Batt.A

Discussion in 'WWII Obituaries' started by CAW1, Mar 19, 2017.

  1. CAW1

    CAW1 Member

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    PFC Jeston C. (Clifford) Whittington (1922 - 1945) - Find A Grave Memorial

    Valor awards for Jeston C. Whittington - U.S. Silver Star for gallantry in action - General Order no. 53 May 3,1945 HQ, 1st Cavalry Division. Battery A - HQ detachment. (received fire orders directly from HQ forward divisional commands) .

    1st Cavalry Division - World War II - By Turner Publishing 1947 - queued to the naming of Camp Whittington.

    HELL FOR LEATHER - The Big Picture , 1st Cavalry Division in WWII , The Big Red One 2617 -Youtube

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    PeriscopeFilm
    16.298
    This episode of the U.S. Army's TV show "The Big Picture" details the history of the 1st Cavalry Division and the 41st Infantry Division in WWII. The 1st Cavalry Division is one of the most decorated combat divisions of the United States Army. It is based at Fort Hood, Texas. It was formed in 1921 and served during World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the Persian Gulf War, with the Stabilization Force in Bosnia-Herzegovina, in the Iraq War, and in the War in Afghanistan (2001–present). The 41st Infantry Division was composed of National Guard units from Idaho, Montana, Oregon, North Dakota and Washington (U.S. state) that saw active service in World War I and World War II. It was one of the first to engage in offensive ground combat operations during the last months of 1942.

    1st Cavalry Division retained its square configuration after the 1941 maneuvers, but lost its antitank troop, the brigades their weapons troops, and the regiments their machine gun and special weapons troops. These changes brought no decrease in divisional firepower, but placed most weapons within the cavalry troops. The number of .50-caliber machine guns was increased almost threefold. In the reconnaissance squadron, the motorcycle and armored car troops were eliminated, leaving the squadron with one support troop and three reconnaissance troops equipped with light tanks. These changes increased the division from 11,676 to 12,112 officers and enlisted men.

    The last of the 1st Cavalry Division's mounted units permanently retired their horses and converted to infantry formations on 28 February 1943. However, a mounted special ceremonial unit known as the Horse Platoon – later, the Horse Cavalry Detachment – was established within the division in January 1972. Its ongoing purpose is to represent the traditions and heritage of the American horse cavalry at military ceremonies and public events.

    1st Cavalry Division, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion, Battery A - Luzon Battle Progression:

    "THE FLYING COLUMN" --"ANGELS OF BATAAN" - PFC WHITTINGTON'S KIA LOCATION.

    "UNIT 101" was set up the same month PFC Whittington posthumously recieved the Silver Star for gallantry in the action at the Tagaytay-Antipolo Line , May, 1945

    The 1st Cavalry Division arrived in Australia, continued its training at Strathpine, Queensland, until 26 July, then moved to New Guinea to stage for the Admiralties campaign 22–27 February 1944. The division experienced its first combat in the Admiralty Islands, units landing at Los Negros on 29 February 1944. Momote airstrip was secured against great odds. Attacks by Japanese were thrown back, and the enemy force surrounded by the end of March. Nearby islands were taken in April and May. The division next took part in the invasion of Leyte, 20 October 1944, captured Tacloban and the adjacent airstrip, advanced along the north coast, and secured Leyte Valley, elements landing on and securing Samar Island. Moving down Ormoc Valley (in Leyte) and across the Ormoc plain, the division reached the west coast of Leyte 1 January 1945.


    1st Cav soldiers during the Battle of Leyte.
    The division then invaded Luzon, landing in the Lingayen Gulf area 27 January 1945, and fought its way as a "flying column" to Manila by 3 February 1945. More than 3,000 civilian prisoners at the University of Santo Tomas, including more than 60 US Army nurses (some of the "Angels of Bataan and Corregidor") were liberated,[4] and the 1st Cavalry then advanced east of Manila by the middle of February before the city was cleared. On 20 February the division was assigned the mission of seizing and securing crossings over the Marikina River and securing the Tagaytay-Antipolo Line. After being relieved 12 March in the Antipolo area, elements pushed south into Batangas and provinces of Bicol Region and aiding Filipino forces under the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary together with the recognized guerrillas. They mopped up remaining pockets of resistance in these areas in small unit actions. Resistance was officially declared at an end 1 July 1945.


    The division left Luzon 25 August 1945 for occupation duty in Japan, arriving in Yokohama 2 September 1945 and entering Tokyo 8 September, the first United States division to enter the Japanese capital. 101 unit was set up in May 1945 to search for the missing soldiers in the Second World War II. The detachment consisted of 17 people, three of them officers: Captain MacColeman, Lieutenant Foley and Sergeant Ryan. The operation was successful, although it lasted three years. Occupation duty in Japan followed for the next five years.


    This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com

    1st_CleaningWeapons.jpg
    1st Cavalry Division cleaning weapons shortly after the liberation of Allied POWS at University of Santo Tomas,
    Manila, Philippine Islands. February 1945

    WWII Jeeps

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    Camp Whittington, Koisumi, Honshu, Japan | Facebook
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    Clipping:
    PFC Whittington | GenSpark
    GenSpark - WordPress.com

    Clifford was awarded the Silver Star while the 1st Cavalry was still involved in active combat operations. It took 2 months after his death before the actual paperwork was filed. Two Major Generals were wounded or killed during these actual "mopping up" operations around Antipolo. Both Generals received the DSC for these actions. Purportedly, Clifford's death was witnessed by several high ranking staff officers of the 1st Cavalry and 6th Infantry Divisions. Initially, he received the Silver Star during ongoing operations. After the operations were complete and Japan surrendered, the 1st Cavalry entered Tokyo for occupational duty. Camp Whittington ( a captured Kamikaze base) was subsequently named in his honor. The valor awards criteria is highly subjective. Probably, rather than re-submitting paperwork for the MOH, or he didn't quite make the criteria mark for the MOH, they deferred his further accommodation for the MOH by naming a major camp installation in his honor.
     

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    Last edited: Mar 26, 2017 at 12:24 AM
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  2. CAW1

    CAW1 Member

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    Camp Whittington's control reverted back to the JDF (Japanese Defense Forces) in 1958 and it has operated to present day as Kumagaya Air Base, Japan, once again. It continues it's history in aviation from the 1920's in Japan onward. Thousands of troops passed through Camp Whittington and other regional camps during the Korean War. It's still there today. The Main Gate entrance has changed a little.

    File:JASDF Kumagaya Air Base 航空自衛隊熊谷基地 - panoramio.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

    - Camp Whittington (Kumagaya) Today.

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    Location Reports | J-HangarSpace: Information on Japanese Aviation
    Kumagaya Air Base History during it's Japanese Imperial Forces Flight Training years pre-WWII.
    Pictures and information on Kumagaya AB based Kamikaze pilots and their training.

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    Last edited: Mar 21, 2017 at 10:22 AM
  3. CAW1

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  4. CAW1

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    Unidentified Antipolo mortar gunners giving close support to 1st Cav troopers, March 9th 1945. The day before PFC Jeston C. Whittington was KIA.

    Notice time stamp on the photo.
     

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    Last edited: Mar 21, 2017 at 10:38 AM
  5. CAW1

    CAW1 Member

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    PFC Jeston C. Whittington's belongings, shipped home with his body, contained a Japanese Katana sword souvenir still in circulation amongst his family to this day. A common occurrence with the property sent back stateside during the closing days of the war.
     

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  6. CAW1

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    1st Cavalry Division - Pinterest.
    Pinterest
     

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