An American intelligence officer started seeing a strange symbol near the end of World War II, etched across white walls in the Franconia region of Germany: a straight vertical line intersected by a horizontal line with a hook on the end. Most members of the Counter Intelligence Corps were of the opinion that it was merely a hastily drawn swastika. But to others, the mark referred to the Werewolves, young German guerrilla fighters prepared “to strike down the isolated soldier in his jeep, the MP on patrol, the fool who goes a-courting after dark, the Yank braggart who takes a back road and gets lost, etc. More out of desperation, the Nazi's turned to the supernatural for inspiration, creating two separate lupine movements: one, an official group of paramilitary soldiers; the other, an ad hoc ensemble of partisan fighters. Though neither achieved any monumental gains, both proved the effectiveness of propaganda in sowing terror and demoralizing occupying soldiers throughout Germany. The second attempt at recruiting “werewolves” came from Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels—and this time it was more successful. Beginning early in 1945, his national radio broadcasts urged German civilians to join the Werewolf movement, fighting the Allies and any German collaborators who welcomed the enemy into their homes. Reportedly dozens of mayors were killed by these werewolves who they thought were collaborating with the Allies. But really the most integral portion of the Werewolves was the Hitler Youth, which was the source of most of the human material for this desperate movement. Some Werewolf cells were composed entirely of teenage fanatics, and almost all units had at least several HJ members. Local acts of terror continued through 1947 and rough estimates that several thousand casualties likely resulted from Werewolf activity, either directly or from reprisal killings. But as Germany slowly returned to stability, fewer and fewer partisan attacks took place. Within a few years, the Nazi werewolves were no more than a strange memory left from the much larger nightmare of the war.